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  • Tue, 24 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    Reports of a cluster of deaths from an undiagnosed disease were notified on 1 November 2020 through Event Based Surveillance in two states, Delta and Enugu, located in southern Nigeria.
  • Wed, 18 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    On 18 November 2020, the Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared the end of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province.
  • Tue, 17 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    The Ministry of Health in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) reported a human case of infection with an avian influenza A(H5N1) virus. The case is a one-year-old female who developed symptoms of fever, productive cough, difficulty breathing and runny nose on 13 October 2020. She was hospitalized for her illness on 16 October and discharged on 19 October. As part of severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) sentinel surveillance, a specimen was collected on the date of hospitalization and confirmed to be positive for avian influenza A(H5N1) on 28 October by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at the National Centre for Laboratory and Epidemiology (NCLE).

    Among the close contacts of the patient, one contact developed fever and cough after the onset of illness in the case. Specimens collected from all household contacts, including the symptomatic contact, were negative for influenza A viruses.
  • Fri, 13 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    The Ministry of Health (MoH) notified WHO that between 13 September and 1 October 2020, eight cases of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) including seven deaths were confirmed in animal breeders. Districts affected include Tidjikja and Moudjéria (Tagant region), Guerou (Assaba region) and Chinguetty (Adrar region). Laboratory confirmation of RVF infection was performed using a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) at the National Institute for Public Health Research (INRSP) in Nouakchott. The age of infected patients varied between 16 and 70 years old and included one woman and seven men. All seven deaths occurred among hospitalised patients with fever and haemorrhagic syndrome (petechia, gingivorrhagia) and vomiting.

    Between 4 September and 7 November 2020, a total of 214 people were sampled and their samples have been sent to the INRSP for laboratory testing with a total of 75 testing positive for RVF (RT-PCR and serology by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Positive cases have been reported in 11 of 15 regions of the country: Brakna, Trarza, Gorgol, (on the border with Senegal), Adrar, Assaba, Hodh El Gharby, Hodh El Chargui, Guidimaka (on the border with Mali) and Nouakchott Sud, Nouakchott Ouest and Tagant. The Tagant region is the most affected (38/75, 51%) with principal hotspot districts being Tidjikja and Moudjeria. Thus far a total of 25 deaths have been reported from this outbreak.
  • Fri, 06 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    Since June 2020, 214 human cases of COVID-19 have been identified in Denmark with SARS-CoV-2 variants associated with farmed minks, including 12 cases with a unique variant, reported on 5 November.
  • Sat, 24 Oct 2020 17:00:00 GMT
    On 13 October 2020, the French health authorities officially reported 13 laboratory-confirmed cases of Mayaro fever in French Guiana, France.

    In September 2020, the Institut Pasteur de la Guyane (IPG) (member of the French National Reference Laboratory for arboviruses) identified two cases of Mayaro virus infection (MAYV) confirmed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and one probable case found positive for Mayaro antibodies. The case-patients presented dengue-like symptoms and joint pains, and tested negative for dengue by RT-PCR.
  • Tue, 13 Oct 2020 13:30:00 GMT
    On 30 September 2020, the French Guiana Regional Health Agency (ARS) reported the first detection of Oropouche virus (OROV) in French Guiana. On 22 September 2020 the Pasteur Institute in Cayenne (a member of the French National Reference Laboratory for arboviruses) notified the France IHR National Focal Point of seven laboratory-confirmed cases of Oropouche virus infection in the village of Saül. These cases were identified following clinical investigations of an unusually high number of dengue-like illnesses in the village. Between 11 August and 25 September, there were 37 clinically-compatible cases of Oropouche virus disease identified in Saül. The results of serology for dengue, chikungunya, and Zika were negative, and seven of nine cases tested positive for OROV by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

    Among the 37 clinically-compatible cases, most cases are male (60%) and the median age is 36 years (range 3-82 years). The most represented age range is 15 to 54-years-old (19 cases) followed by 0 to 14-years-old (10 cases). A peak of cases was observed in mid-September however, the outbreak investigation remains ongoing.
  • Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    From 1 January through 13 September 2020, a total of 4,594 suspected cases of monkeypox, including 171 deaths (case fatality ratio 3.7%), have been reported in 127 health zones from 17 out of 26 provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The first epidemic peak was observed at the beginning of March 2020 (epi week 10), with 136 cases reported weekly (Figure1). From 1 January through 7 August, the Institut National de Recherche Biomédicale (INRB) received 80 samples from suspected cases of monkeypox, of which 39 samples were confirmed positive by polymerase chain reaction. Four out of the 80 specimens were skin lesions (crusts/vesicles), the remaining samples were blood. There is no further information at this time regarding the outcome of these 80 patients whose samples were tested. Confirmatory testing remains ongoing.

    During the same period in 2019, 3,794 suspected cases and 73 deaths (CFR 1.9%) were reported in 120 health zones from 16 provinces while a total of 2,850 suspected cases (CFR 2.1%) were reported in 2018.
  • Thu, 24 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    On 28 August 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Chad notified WHO of an outbreak of chikungunya in Abéché, eastern Chad.
  • Thu, 03 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    Three months after the declaration of the eleventh Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Equateur Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, the number of confirmed cases continues to increase, and the geographic spread of the outbreak continues to expand.

    As of 1 September 2020, 110 cases (104 confirmed and six probable) including 47 deaths (case fatality ratio 43%) have been reported from 36 health areas in 11 health zones. In the past 21 days (12 August – 1 September 2020), 24 confirmed cases have been reported in 15 health areas across eight health zones. To date, three healthcare workers have been affected, making up 3% of all cases. In addition, 48 people have recovered from EVD to date.
  • Tue, 01 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    On 9 August 2020, the Federal Ministry of Health, Sudan notified WHO of the detection of a
  • Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    On 23 July 2020, the France IHR National Focal Point reported a confirmed autochthonous (locally acquired) case of yellow fever in a 14-year-old male in French Guiana. On 17 July 2020, the case was laboratory confirmed at the French National Reference Centre for arboviruses, Institute Pasteur Cayenne.

    The case-patient had severe disability, and developed dengue-like symptoms on 12 July. On 16 July, he was hospitalized in an intensive care unit in Cayenne, French Guiana, with consciousness disorders and acute liver failure, and died on 19 July.
  • Thu, 23 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    The health zone of Rethy in Ituri province, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, has seen an upsurge of plague cases since June 2020. The first case, a 12-year-old girl, reported to a local health centre on 12 June experiencing a headache, fever, cough, and an enlarged lymph node. She died on the same day and further deaths from the community due to suspected cases of plague were subsequently reported.

    From 11 June though 15 July, six out of 22 health areas have been affected within Rethy health zone (11 villages), with a total of 45 cases including nine deaths (case fatality rate: 20%). All nine (9) cases who died presented with signs of headache, high fever, and painful nodes; four (4) out of the nine (9) cases had cough.
  • Thu, 09 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    On 22 June 2020, the International Health Regualtions (IHR) Focal Point (FP) of Brazil shared a preliminary report with the Panamerican Health Organization, the WHO Regional Office for the Americas of a human infection with Influenza A(H1N2) variant virus (A(H1N2)v). According to the report, the patient, a 22-year-old female, with no comorbidities, worked in a swine slaughterhouse in Ibiporã Municipality, Paraná State, and developed an influenza-like illness on 12 April 2020. The patient initially sought medical care on 14 April and a respiratory specimen was obtained on 16 April as part of routine surveillance activities. The patient was treated with oseltamivir, was not hospitalized and has recovered.

    A real-time RT-PCR test conducted at the public health laboratory identified a non-subtypable influenza A virus. In May 2020, the specimen was forwarded to the Laboratory of Respiratory Virus and Measles, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (FIOCRUZ per its acronym in Portuguese), a national influenza reference laboratory, in Rio de Janeiro. On 22 June, genetic sequencing characterized this virus as an influenza A(H1N2)v virus.
  • Thu, 02 Jul 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    Between 1 April and 31 May 2020, the National IHR Focal Point of Saudi Arabia reported nine new cases of MERS-CoV infection, including five deaths. The cases were reported from Riyadh (seven cases), Assir (one case) and Northern (one case) Regions. Most cases were and ages of the reported cases ranged from 40 to 96 years.

    Of the cases reported in Riyadh six were from a hospital outbreak in the region between 21 and 31 May 2020: an index case who was a newly admitted patient, and five secondary cases identified through contact tracing. One of the secondary cases was a health care worker and the other four were in-patients admitted due to other health conditions. All four in-patients were bedridden and above 75 years of age. All reported cases had comorbidities with the exception of the healthcare worker.
  • Fri, 26 Jun 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    On 25 June 2020, the Minister of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared the end of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu, Ituri and South Kivu Provinces . In accordance with WHO recommendations, the declaration was made more than 42 days after the last person who contracted EVD in this outbreak tested negative twice and was discharged from care.

    The outbreak was declared on 1 August 2018 following investigations and laboratory confirmation of a cluster of EVD cases in North Kivu Province. Further investigations identified cases in Ituri and North Kivu Provinces with dates of symptom onset from May to August 2018. In 2019, the outbreak subsequently spread to South Kivu Province, and on 17 July 2019, the WHO Director-General declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 11 outbreaks have been recorded since the first recognized outbreak in 1976. The 10th EVD outbreak in North Kivu, Ituri and South Kivu Provinces was the country's longest EVD outbreak and the second largest in the world after the 2014–2016 EVD outbreak in West Africa.
  • Thu, 18 Jun 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    No new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 27 April 2020 (Figure 1). While this is a positive development, there remains a risk of re-emergence of EVD. It is critical to maintain surveillance and response operations in the period leading up to the declaration of the end of the outbreak, as well as after the declaration – as outlined in the WHO recommended criteria for declaring the end of the EVD outbreak .

    From 11 to 16 June 2020, an average of 2939 alerts were reported per day, of which 2788 (about 95%) were investigated within 24 hours. Of these, an average of 453 alerts were validated as suspected cases each day, requiring specialized care and laboratory testing to rule-out EVD. The number of reported and validated alerts has remained stable in recent weeks. Timely testing of suspected cases continues to be provided from eight laboratories. From 8 to 14 June 2020, 3219 samples were tested including 2513 blood samples from alive, suspected cases; 324 swabs from community deaths; and 382 samples from re-tested patients. Overall, the number of samples tested by the laboratories increased by 3% compared to the previous week.
  • Wed, 17 Jun 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    On 15 April 2020, WHO received information regarding a confirmed case of yellow fever in Magandi village, Tchibanga city in Nyanga Province of southern Gabon, 590 km from the capital, Libreville.

    The case is an 83-year-old male with no known vaccination history for yellow fever. He had onset of symptoms on 30 January 2020 and presented to a health facility on 2 February 2020 with abdominal pain and jaundice. Between 2 February and 9 April, he consulted the Urban Health Centre in Tchibanga, the Christian Alliance Hospital in Bongolo and the University hospital in the capital Libreville where the case received anti-malarial treatment and remained hospitalized until his death on 9 April 2020. On 14 April 2020, the laboratory results received from the WHO Regional Reference Laboratory at the Institute Pasteur in Dakar, Senegal, confirmed yellow fever infection, by seroneutralisation test. The additional differential diagnostic tests performed were negative for dengue, West Nile fever, chikungunya, Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever, Zika and Rift Valley fever.
  • Thu, 11 Jun 2020 00:00:00 GMT
    No new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) have been reported in Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 27 April 2020 (Figure 1).

    The source of infection of the cluster reported in April 2020 remains unconfirmed.

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  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 14:00:30 -0500
    Representative-elect Lauren Boebert is trolling her home state of Colorado’s local shutdown orders by finding a way to bypass them this Thanksgiving. In an interview published Wednesday with Fox News, Boebert (R-Colo.) slammed local orders limiting personal gatherings to 10 people in an effort to stop the spread of coronavirus, arguing that it was absurd...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 13:50:53 -0500
    Donald Trump Jr. declared that he was "Rona" free and preparing to spend Thanksgiving with his family late Wednesday, less than a week after he tested positive for the virus.
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 13:05:47 -0500
    President Trump praised the Supreme Court’s decision to temporarily block Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s order to cap religious gatherings at houses of worship in a Thanksgiving greeting to his millions of followers on social media. “HAPPY THANKSGIVING!,” the president wrote in a post Thursday morning to his 88.8 million followers, quote tweeting a SCOTUSblog post that...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 12:54:34 -0500
    TANTA, Egypt – With Egypt facing a second coronavirus wave, an inventor is trialing a remote-control robot which can test for COVID-19, take the temperature of patients and warn them if they don’t wear masks at a private hospital north of Cairo. Mahmoud el-Komy, who designed the robot, called Cira-03, says it can help limit...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 12:53:11 -0500
    US military troops deployed overseas won’t gather around a table on Thanksgiving this year due to the coronavirus, the Pentagon said. Instead, service men and women will chow down on “grab-and-go style takeout,” as the Department of Defense does away with the traditional holiday feasts held in dining halls. “The holidays will look quite different...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 12:45:26 -0500
    People trying to kill the coronavirus with UV lamps have been damaging their eyes — with some getting injured by safety measures at work, according to a new study. Florida doctors reported on the science journal Ocular Immunology and Inflammation that seven patients in Miami had recently needed treatment for damage to the cornea while...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 12:37:20 -0500
    In September, the company said it would lay off 28,000 people -- but that number jumped by 4,000 on Wednesday.
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 12:22:35 -0500
    BERLIN – The state premier of Thuringia on Thursday announced a first mass test for children in the district of Hildburghausen, Germany’s coronavirus hotspot, to find out to what extent they contribute to a rapid surge in infections. The east German district saw a record 603 cases per 100,000 people in the past seven days,...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 12:15:52 -0500
    Justice Amy Coney Barrett, who was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Trump, played a critical role in shifting the high court’s temporary ruling against Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s order to restrict gatherings at churches and synagogues during the coronavirus pandemic. The vote by Barrett, who was confirmed in October, sided with conservative justices on...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 11:10:47 -0500
    Maybe not such a “happy” accident after all. AstraZeneca’s coronavirus vaccine is coming under intense scrutiny after its UK scientists made a major “mistake” during trials — one that could even halt it from getting approved, according to reports. The UK drugmaker and its partner, Oxford University, admitted — after reporting its vaccine tested up...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 11:02:59 -0500
    President-elect Joe Biden and future first lady Jill penned an optimistic op-ed on Thursday, saying how the COVID-19 crisis as “has revealed our collective strength” despite the tough year. As Americans prepare to celebrate a Thanksgiving like no other, the couple ran through a list of what they’re grateful for this year, including frontline workers,...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 10:52:36 -0500
    A Chicago couple made a selfless decision when their big wedding plans were upended by the coronavirus pandemic — they got married at City Hall instead and donated their $5,000 catering deposit to buy Thanksgiving dinners for those in need. Emily Bugg, 33, and Billy Lewis, 34, had planned to tie the knot at a...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 10:40:17 -0500
    The NYPD is seeing an uptick in COVID-19 infections among its ranks amid the second wave of the virus in New York City, according to the city’s top cop. “As far as the COVID, we are a part of New York City and as it rises in this city it’s also rising in the department,”...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 10:39:23 -0500
    STOCKHOLM – Taxi driver Lars-Goran Goransson admits to feeling a little anxious each time he slips on a pair of latex gloves and gingerly lifts a COVID-19 test administered just moments earlier from a doorstep in a Stockholm suburb. “I think this is a safe way to work, but yes, I am nervous about the...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 10:19:40 -0500
    Herd immunity is not stopping the spread of the novel coronavirus in Sweden, an official in the country said this week. “The issue of herd immunity is difficult,” Anders Tegnell, Sweden’s top epidemiologist, said at a briefing in Stockholm on Tuesday, according to Bloomberg. “We see no signs of immunity in the population that are...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 10:16:21 -0500
    Coronavirus has struck Sweden’s royal family. Prince Carl Philip and his wife, Princess Sofia, started having flu-like symptoms on Wednesday and later tested positive for the bug, the royal palace confirmed in a Thursday statement. “The prince and princess show milder flu symptoms, but feel well under the circumstances. Immediately after the illness, the Prince...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 10:00:17 -0500
    Because sometimes we all feel like lonely witches who have lost their magic and need to talk to their cat to stay sane.
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 09:49:47 -0500
    RENO, Nev. — The coronavirus is spreading so fast in Nevada that one person is diagnosed with it every minute and someone is dying from it every two hours, state health officials said Wednesday. Nearly half of the state’s 142,239 total cases since the start of the pandemic in March have occurred since September —...
  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 09:25:23 -0500
    Trump administration officials began meeting with President-elect Joe Biden’s transition team on Wednesday to go over “Operation Warp Speed,” the effort to rapidly mobilize the distribution of coronavirus vaccines and treatments, according to a report. The initial meeting, one of more to come, focused on vaccines as it strives to inform Biden’s health officials on...

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  • Thu, 26 Nov 2020 11:00:57 -0500

    hot chocolate

    Summary List Placement

    A cup of hot cocoa is not just a welcome treat on a cold winter's day, but could also help boost your brain power, a small new stu suggests.  

    Flavanols, a type of nutrient in cocoa, can improve blood oxygen levels in the brain and are linked to cognitive benefits, according to a small study published this week in Scientific Reports

    Researchers from the University of Birmingham and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign looked at 18 healthy adult men who completed two increasingly difficult cognitive tests. The participants were tested after receiving either a cocoa drink high in flavanols, or a placebo drink of processed cocoa without flavanols. 

    The study found participants who drank the flavanol-rich cocoa performed significantly better on the cognitive tests, completing them 11% faster on average compared to when they drank the placebo. 

    Cocoa could boost blood flow to improve mental performance

    The researchers also tested the blood oxygen levels of participants during the tests by having them breathe a higher concentration of carbon dioxide, a procedure that helps measure the blood flow response in the brain. 

    They found participants had better oxygen levels in their brains after consuming the flavanols. These findings suggest that flavanols could benefit cognitive ability by improving blood flow and increasing the amount of oxygen in the brain. 

    "Our results showed a clear benefit for the participants taking the flavanol-enriched drink - but only when the task became sufficiently complicated," Dr. Catarina Rendeiro, lead author of the study and nutrition lecturer at the University of Birmingham, said in a press release.  "We can link this with our results on improved blood oxygenation - if you're being challenged more, your brain needs improved blood oxygen levels to manage that challenge. 

    Previous research supports the health benefits of flavanols

    While this study is small, it is supported by existing evidence that flavanols have cognitive benefits.

    A 2017 study found that flavanol-rich cocoa was linked to improved blood flow, including in the brain, which was found to benefit memory, processing speed, attention, and overall mental performance.

    Cocoa in particular has been linked to lower risk of Alzheimer's disease and stroke, according to a 2013 study

    There's also evidence that flavanol-rich foods, including cocoa and tea, have benefits for blood flow through the body, including reducing blood pressure as effectively as specialized diets.

    Plant foods like cocoa and tea are rich in many types of antioxidants, including flavanols, so more research is needed to better understand which compounds are specifically linked to which benefits.

    This latest study was also limited in that it tested flavanols on healthy young men. Future research will need to test the effects of these nutrients on different populations, including women, elderly people, and those with existing illnesses, to see if the benefits are consistent.

    It's not just cocoa — tea, red wine, berries, and apples are also rich in flavanols

    Cocoa is only one example of a flavanol-rich food. The nutrients are also found in a variety of other plants, including tea, apples, berries, and vegetables like kale, onions, and hot peppers. 

    You can also get a flavanol boost from grapes or from drinking red wine, previous studies have found. 

    The findings of this study, then, suggest that people could see the cognitive benefits of flavanols by consuming all of the above, from sipping tea to snacking on blueberries. 

    "We used cocoa in our experiment, but flavanols are extremely common in a wide range of fruit and vegetable," Rendeiro said. "By better understanding the cognitive benefits of eating these food groups, as well as the wider cardiovascular benefits, we can offer improved guidance to people about how to make the most of their dietary choices."

    Read more:

    Diets rich in coffee, red wine, and yellow vegetables reduce inflammation and heart disease risk, a study found

    Tea, berries, and apples contain a micronutrient that could lower blood pressure as much as the DASH diet

    Eating high-protein meals could help you burn fat more efficiently, according to a new study

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 19:00:41 -0500
     

    Fitness gifts Janji

    Summary List Placement
    • Working out, whether you prefer lifting weights, riding a bike, or running, requires an assortment of gear and equipment designed to help you perform at your best — and there's no better time to upgrade your kit than during Black Friday. 
    • This year's sales event promises to have huge discounts on a variety of workout gear, including apparel, massage guns, smart workout equipment, and fitness apps, among so many others.
    • Some of the best deals we've seen so include $25 off the Theragun Mini, 20% off sitewide at Janji, and 20% to 40% off sitewide at Saxx. 
    • For more Black Friday coverage, read Insider Reviews' Black Friday 2020 deals and Cyber Monday 2020 deals, and check out the sales going on over at Dick's Sporting Goods and Backcountry.
    Table of Contents: Masthead Sticky

    Black Friday deals span everything from headphones and Apple products to mattresses and makeup, but one of the most wide-ranging categories is the ever-broad term of fitness. Whether it's gold-infused apparel designed to wick sweat and repel odor, an interactive workout machine that pits you against digital competition, or an at-home device that simulates a massage, the array of fitness gear available during this frenzied shopping event is an eclectic bunch. 

    But there's certainly no shortage of discounts. Some of our most favorite fitness equipment, like the Theragun Mini or the Hydrow row machine, are available at hundreds of dollars off their normal prices. In other words, there's no time better than Black Friday to score huge deals on fitness gear you've either had your eye on or are looking to upgrade. 

    There are deals on compression socks from Swiftwick, vibrating foam rollers from Hyperice, and even weighted workout vests from 5.11. What's more is that many of the sales are either active now or last through both Black Friday and Cyber Monday. 

    The best Black Friday fitness gear deals 

    Below, we've compiled a list of our favorite Black Friday fitness deals from brands like Rhone, Theragun, FightCamp, and Saxx. Though most of the deals are on specific products, there are also several brands offering sitewide discounts (and we've noted it where necessary).

    Theragun

    Theragun's discounting each of its Fourth Generation of massage guns, including the professional-grade Pro, entry-level Mini, and powerful Elite. If you've yet to buy into the massage gun craze yet, now is the best time to do it — and Theragun is about as good a manufacturer of the devices as it gets. 

    FightCamp

    FightCamp's interactive boxing peripheral has been a Reviews favorite for a while and for this year's Black Friday event, the brand's accessorizing all purchases with a free conditioning kit (a $159 value) and two free months of classes.

    Shoppers need to use the code BFCM2FREE to cash in on the two free months of classes but the conditioning kit, which includes hand weights, an agility ladder, a speed jump rope, and a hypersphere mini, is included for free on every purchase. Free shipping is also included.

    Janji

    If you're a runner who's yet to try out the gear from Janji, you're sorely missing out. The brand's apparel is endlessly comfortable, no matter if it's a running shirt or a pair of shorts, is designed for performance, and has useful features like sweat-wicking properties and multi-strech fabric.

    Shoppers can enjoy 20% off sitewide from November 23 through November 29. 

    5.11

    To take your workouts to another level, consider adding a weighted workout vest — and if you want the best, go with one from 5.11. Maker of tactical and workout vests, 5.11's products are durable, functional, and extremely high quality.

    From November 24 through November 30, 5.11 is offering 25% off everything on its site, which not only includes weighted vests but its array of apparel, too. 

    Hyperice

    Highlighting massage gun deals wouldn't be complete without mentioning Hyperice, one of the other massive players in the workout recovery industry. Its massage guns are impressive but the brand also offers a vibrating foam roller that'll help dramatically improve pain management and workout preparation. 

    For Black Friday, the brand's discounting its popular Hyperice Hypervolt and Hypervolt Plus by $70, while also taking 30% off its Vyper vibrating foam roller. 

    Nurvv Run

    Though most fitness trackers sit around your wrist like a normal watch, the Nurvv Run device goes right to the source and attaches to a user's shoe. This allows it to amass highly accurate run-tracking data such as your run cadence, pace, foot strike, and more. It even has built in GPS so you can see an exact route of where you run. 

    The Nurvv Run tracker is discounted by $100 through Best Buy from November 25 through November 30.

    Saxx

    Saxx's innovative line of underwear is the epitome of comfort. Thanks to the brand's BallPark Pouch, each pair features a dedicated area that keeps everything in place, helps avoid chafing, and just feels good, no matter if you're running, lifting weights, biking, or sitting on the couch. 

    From November 26 to November 29, the brand is offering anywhere from 20% to 40% off sitewide, making it the perfect time to try its BallPark Pouch out for yourself.

    Swiftwick

    Swiftwick offers a wide range of socks perfect for working out, hiking, normal day use, and almost any use case you can think of. The brand's signature compression style isn't just for those looking for a tighter-fitting sock, but rather are designed for everyone to enjoy the benefits of compression. 

    The brand's Black Friday sale includes 25% off sitewide from November 23 through November 30.

    Hydrow

    At-home row machines have grown substantially more popular in 2020 as more people transition to working out at home more often — and one of the leading brands in the space is Hydrow. Featuring a very Peloton-like built-in screen that streams workouts and pumps out tracking stats, the Hydrow rower a smart row machine in the truest sense. 

    From November 22 through November 30, shoppers who purchase the Hydrow will not only enjoy a discounted price of $1,995 but will also receive a free mat for the rower to sit on, as well as the brand's On the Mat Workout Kit (typically sold for $170). As an added bonus, anyone who buys the rower via Best Buy receives a $250 Best Buy gift card.

    Rhone

    We've written at length about Rhone often and can't recommend this brand's workout apparel enough. Whether it's the brand's comfortable (and gold-infused) workout shirts or a pair of its supportive shorts, you can't go wrong with literally anything it offers. There's even a new line of essentials like boxer briefs and undershirts that are equally as high quality as its workout gear. 

    The brand's offering 30% off everything sitewide from November 14 through November 30, so there's never been a better time to stock up.

    How do we select the best Black Friday fitness deals?

    • All the apparel, gear, and workout equipment we choose to feature meet our high standard of coverage and come from brands we've grown to trust through both physically testing and reviewing their products.
    • When deciding on what to spotlight, we compare prices across other retailers like Target, Best Buy, and Amazon and only include deals that are equal to or better than what's represented elsewhere (this doesn't include promotional discounts that are rewarded for using certain credit cards).
    • We routinely research all price history for the products we feature to confirm that all listed deals are worth your time (and money). 

    Join the conversation about this story »

  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 17:20:00 -0500

    Family talking thanksgiving dinner

    Summary List Placement

    Dear Anna,

    I moved back in with my parents, who are in their 60s, early in the pandemic. My aunt, uncle, and cousin, who live about an hour and a half away, are coming over for Thanksgiving. We've only seen them a handful of times this year, in the summer when we could meet for backyard barbecues. 

    I know the overwhelming advice from health experts is to not mix households, but that's just not an option my family was willing to consider. Accepting that my relatives will be coming over, what can we do — or frankly, what can I do — to make the celebration as safe as possible? 

    — Jenna, Kansas City 

    Dear Jenna,

    You're right on the health pros' advice there, and your family isn't the only one who's not listening. An Insider poll conducted last week, after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued its plea, found 57% of Thanksgiving celebrations in the US would including folks from at least two households. I'm one of them. 

    I like to think that doesn't mean we're all selfish, reckless, science-snubbing murderers, but that we're emotionally exhausted and are willing to accept a risk to feed our connection-starved souls. 

    As a health journalist, I must say: There's still time to uninvite your relatives, maybe even meeting halfway for a walk and to swap dishes. Then, when you return home, you could eat your meals together virtually, play games, and be as rambunctious as you'd like for as long as you'd like.

    But I appreciate that changing your plans last-minute may not be an option. If so, there are some last-minute things you can do to lower your risk. 

    "I know we want to be together, we want to hug each other, kiss each other, but this year we may have to make some changes to these practices so we hope that maybe by next year we could have a more traditional reunion," Dr. Antonio Crespo, the medical director for Orlando Health Infectious Disease, told me.  "This year we have to sacrifice a little bit."

    Open windows and wear masks 

    First, open windows. Even if it's cold, or rainy, or snowing, or you have the heat on. 

    Proper ventilation can help reduce the risk of coronavirus transmission, since the virus spreads mostly via respiratory droplets — though it may also travel in smaller particles that can linger indoors. Enclosed settings, such as an indoor bar with no mechanical ventilation and typically closed entrances, have fueled superspreader events.

    If you suspect your family or relatives will take issue with the draft, drape some blankets on chairs ahead of time. Cozy! 

    Next, wear a mask when you're not eating or drinking, and encourage — better yet, demand — everyone else does the same. Masks can help keep people indoors safe from the virus, like in the case of a salon in which the stylists had COVID-19 but didn't infect any of their 140 clients.

    If it helps, think about it as a mindful eating technique: If you have to remove your mask every time you're tempted to graze or go back for seconds, you might think twice. 

    That could help cut down the length of the celebration — another key way to trim COVID-19 risk — and boost the coveted leftover quotient. Fifteen minutes is the rule-of-thumb length of time in close contact with others at which coronavirus transmission tips risky. 

    Take walks and set boundaries 

    When considering other ways to make the celebration safer, think about what makes Thanksgiving so risky. 

    "The quintessential Thanksgiving experience — gathering with friends and family, eating and talking boisterously around a table in a cozy room for hours — is the perfect recipe for an outbreak," Virginia Tech professor Linsey Marr, who studies how viruses and bacteria spread through the air, told the New York Times. (She's inviting her grandmother over, but outdoors on whatever day of the week turns out to be the most mild.) 

    Can you spread out your seating, even having your relatives sit in one room (like the old "kiddie table") while your immediate family sits in the other? If not, at least try to space out the place settings so that two people who don't live in the same household aren't facing, and spewing at, each other. 

    Can you challenge everyone to get up and take a walk every 30 minutes, which can help clear out the room of potentially contagious particles and limit your indoor close contact? Feeling less stuffed the next day will be the bonus. 

    The CDC also designating one person to serve food, using single-use plastic utensils, and cutting down on the number of people in the kitchen.

    Finally, remember that even if no one complies with your suggestions or requests, you can control you. You can wear a mask, you can take intermittent walks, you can stay out of the kitchen if you're not the chef. Heck, you can excuse yourself from the whole celebration if you feel the benefits of the gathering are outweighed by the risk.

    Each action or inaction will benefit your peace of mind and lower the group's collective risk. Consider it an exercise in boundary-setting, too. 

    "Everyone has a slightly different assessment of what is safe and what is not," Julie L. Pike, a licensed psychologist in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, told me. "The most important thing about boundaries is that we can set them without anger or trying to convince other people of the validity of our needs." 

    Senior health reporter Anna Medaris Miller is here to help you make decisions about living life in the current "normal," which is anything but. Drawing on her in-depth reporting on the pandemic; connections with medical, mental health, and public health experts; and own life and common sense, she'll help you get through coronavirus quandaries big and small.  Submit your questions for Anna anonymously here

    Join the conversation about this story »

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 17:13:32 -0500

    turkey

    Summary List Placement

    Tryptophan is a common scapegoat for Thanksgiving sleepiness due to its widely-reported presence in turkey. However, the compound is much more than a holiday punchline. It is essential to your good health year-round. 

    Tryptophan is one of nine essential amino acids — building blocks for proteins that the body needs to function properly, says David Cutler, MD, a family medicine physician at Providence Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California.

    "This means our bodies can't manufacture it from other substances so we must consume tryptophan to have it available for making proteins required for healthy bodily function," Cutler says. 

    Here's what you need to know about tryptophan and how it benefits your body.

    How your body uses tryptophan

    Your body uses tryptophan to make three important compounds: 

    1. Melatonin: A hormone that helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle.
    2. Serotonin: A neurotransmitter that helps control mood and the onset of sleep.
    3. Niacin: The liver utilizes tryptophan to make niacin (also known as vitamin B3), which helps regulate metabolism and keep cells healthy. 

    Tryptophan is particularly important for infants in order for their brains to develop a sleep-wake cycle. 

    There are two types of tryptophan compounds: L-tryptophan and D-tryptophan. Cutler says to think of them as mirror images of each other, just like your hands. The "l" and "d" stand for "levo" and "dextro," medical designations that have their roots in the Latin for "left" and "right."

    "While the chemical composition is identical, this altered orientation can affect potency, metabolism, and body distribution," Cutler says. "L-tryptophan is broken down more slowly than D-tryptophan so it is the preferred form for supplementation." L-tryptophan is also the type found in most foods, including turkey. 

    Does tryptophan help you sleep?

    Yes, tryptophan can help you sleep — but that sleepy feeling you get right after a large, heavy dinner is not due to tryptophan. 

    "The belief that tryptophan makes you sleepy is somewhat based in science and somewhat in myth," says Cutler.

    • "The science derives from the fact that tryptophan gets chemically altered in your body into serotonin, thus regulating the sleep/wake cycle," says Cutler.
    • "The myth seems based on the drowsiness many feel after a large Thanksgiving turkey meal," says Cutler.

    It's much more likely that your feeling of sleepiness after a large meal is linked to overeating. It takes a lot of energy for your body to process that much food. 

    When you eat a food containing tryptophan and niacin, your body's metabolism breaks it down into serotonin, which can help you feel drowsy. However, that process of producing serotonin takes about 5 hours after eating. So don't blame tryptophan for your sleepiness right after a big holiday meal. 

    Foods with tryptophan

    Although turkey is closely associated with tryptophan, it actually contains less tryptophan than chicken. 

    In fact, Cutler says that most people are constantly consuming tryptophan through foods including: 

    • Poultry, like turkey and chicken
    • Eggs
    • Peanuts 
    • Dairy, like milk  
    • Soy, like soy milk and beans

    Benefits of tryptophan

    There's a lot that still needs to be learned about tryptophan. Scientists know that it's important for everyone, especially infants, for whom it can help regulate sleep

    "An average, varied diet should include adequate tryptophan to supply the body's basic needs," Cutler says. Here's what scientists have found so far regarding tryptophan's health benefits:

    Scientists are studying whether tryptophan supplements can be used to treat mental illnesses including depression and anxiety, and they've found that tryptophan supplements may improve attention and memory. 

    Depression, in particular, is associated with low levels of serotonin. A small 2014 study put 25 healthy young adults on either a high tryptophan or low tryptophan diet for four days, switching to the alternate diet after a two-week period; after eating more tryptophan, they had lower symptoms of depression and anxiety. 

    Still, Culter cautions that scientists don't fully understand the impact of tryptophan and its possible benefits for mental health. "There is no FDA approval of tryptophan for any of these indications," he says. 

    Risks of too much tryptophan

    In rare cases, consuming too much tryptophan through manufactured supplements has been associated with eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome (EMS) a disorder that affects the body's organs and can cause pain and weakness. In part because of this, l-tryptophan supplements were banned by the FDA from 1990 to 2005. 

    Although the supplements are for sale again and have not been linked to any new instances of EMS, they should be used with caution, especially since most people get all the tryptophan they need from their normal diet.

    Insider's takeaway

    Tryptophan is an important part of a healthy diet and one that most people consume plenty of without even trying.

    Although it's tempting to blame your Thanksgiving sleepiness on tryptophan, a serving of turkey has less of this amino acid than a serving of chicken. 

    Tryptophan's main claim to fame is as an essential amino acid that's a building block helping keep your body running just as it should.

    Join the conversation about this story »

  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 16:27:01 -0500

    sex health sexual genitals female male anatomy peach crotch orgasm pleasure same sex reproduction penis testicles anal vagina vibrator toy sperm uterus ovaries condom safe sex cox 126 136.jpg

    Summary List Placement

    Dental dams, thin pieces of latex you can lay over genitals during oral sex, are as effective as condoms in preventing the spread of STIs when properly used. 

    They are normally used for oral sex with people with vulvas or oral sex on anuses and are associated with queer sex but can be used by anyone of any gender and sexuality. 

    If you don't have one handy and find yourself in a predicament in which you need a dental dam, here are three household items you can use as easy alternatives to make sure your sex is safe. 

    Cutting a non-lubricated condom down the middle

    sex health sexual genitals female male anatomy peach crotch orgasm pleasure same sex reproduction penis testicles anal vagina vibrator toy sperm uterus ovaries condom safe sex cox 126 133.jpg

    If you have a non-lubricated condom, you can slice up the side of the condom, cut the tip-off, and lay it flat on your genitals or your partner's. 

    Avoid latex condoms if you or your partner have an allergy to latex. 

    Slicing a glove in half can be great for people with a micropenis or an enlarged clitoris

    rubber glove billionaires

    Latex gloves, or an alternative body-safe glove for those with allergies, can be another safe alternative you can cut up into a dental dam. 

    Slice off all the fingers except for the thumb and then slice from the wrist to the top of the glove on the pinky finger side, as demonstrated in this video.

    Leaving the thumb intact can be great for people with clitoral growth from taking testosterone because it creates a mini condom for them. 

    Non-porous plastic wrap can be cut into a square and layered over genitals if you don't have a condom or glove handy

    As a last resort, if your house is devoid of any medical supplies you can turn into a dental dam, saran wrap will do. 

    The plastic wrap you use should be non-porous plastic wrap, preferably the kind you can't microwave because those tend to develop tiny holes that can allow fluids through. 

    Read More:

    Everything you need to know about strap-ons, from picking the right one to cleaning it correctly

    7 LGBTQ sex facts you probably didn't learn in high school sex ed class

    Tiffany Haddish: Why teens should learn about queefing in sex ed

    Join the conversation about this story »

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 16:13:08 -0500

    People are shaving down their teeth for crowns

    Summary List Placement

    Getting the perfect teeth is seemingly a right of passage in the world of influencers. Internet stars like Jeffree Star, Tana Mongeau, and Gigi Gorgeous all had dramatic smile makeovers once their careers took off.

    Now, there's a trend of smaller-scale influencers sharing their experiences of flying abroad to get smile transformations of their own, showing off their shaved-down "shark teeth" before revealing what they call "veneers" to their followers.

    Dentists are urging young people to do their research before considering such invasive dentistry. As one dentist explained, this is not standard preparation for veneers but for crowns, which are not recommended for young people.

    "These are not veneer preparations," Dr. Emi Mawson, a dentist in the English county of Cornwall, told her 27,700 followers on TikTok as she critiqued one of many "veneer" vlogs. "These are crown preparations and there's a big difference."

    Not knowing this difference could be costing these influencers their smiles early in life, causing irreparable damage that could mean needing dentures by their 40s.

    There is an important difference between veneers and crowns, and many influencers are getting it wrong

    While the two terms are used interchangeably by some influencers, there are key differences between veneers and crowns.

    "When you get veneers, most of your tooth is still there, only a little bit is shaved off," Dr. Zainab Mackie, a Detroit dentist, said on TikTok. "When you get crowns your teeth are shaved down to little pegs."

    Most veneers will require the front of the tooth shaved down half a millimeter to prepare the tooth for a custom covering made of porcelain or composite resin. Some veneers actually require no prep at all.

    Crowns require 2 millimeters or more of enamel to be shaved off into the pegs seen in many teeth-transformation TikToks. They are typically performed on decaying, broken teeth.

    Dr. Shaadi Manouchehri, a London dentist, told her 94,600 TikTok followers that heavy crown preparation could compromise the tooth's nerve, which is why dentists do normally recommend them for healthy teeth.

    "This is only done if there were cavities to take out or the teeth were already broken," Mackie said.

    Getting aggressive crown preparation at a young age could cause permanent damage to your teeth, having to get them replaced multiple times down the line, root canals, and eventually losing those teeth altogether.

    "She's going to have dentures by the age of 40," Manouchehri said while commenting on a video of a young influencer "veneer vlog" on TikTok.

    'That's gonna be like $20,000 every 10 years'

    Both crowns and veneers are semipermanent, meaning they will need to be replaced every 10 to 15 years depending on the type and specifics of your teeth.

    According to Consumer Guide to Dentistry, veneers cost $250 to $1,500 a tooth on average. Crowns average out at $1,000 to $3,500 a tooth.

    "That's gonna be like $20,000 every 10 years, not to mention when you get a cavity," Dr. Ben Winters, an Arkansas orthodontist, said in a TikTok.

    In addition to being more expensive on average, crowns come at the cost of valuable layers of enamel protecting your teeth. This step is unavoidable with crowns, even if you fly abroad to save money on them.

    "Once your teeth are down to stumps, there's no going back," Mawson told her followers on TikTok.

    Join the conversation about this story »

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 16:11:20 -0500
     

    Dame

    Summary List Placement
    • Sexual satisfaction can help lower stress and boost your mood, which makes the sex toys and products discounted on Black Friday and Cyber Monday great gifts for yourself or someone else.
    • Satisfyer, We-Vibe, and Dame are all offering anywhere from 20% to 40% off on bullet vibrators, couple's vibrators, butt plugs, and suction vibrators. 
    • For people who struggle with issues like pain, premature ejaculation, or a weak pelvic floor postpartum, products from brands like Ohnut, Myhixel, and Elvie can help — and all are offering big discounts this weekend.
    • For more Black Friday coverage, read Insider Reviews' Black Friday 2020 deals and Cyber Monday 2020 deals.
    Table of Contents: Masthead Sticky

    Black Friday is synonymous with great deals on big purchases: A new TV, a next-generation laptop, the latest Apple devices; the list goes on. But it's also a great time to score discounts on smaller products and if there's one thing we learned in 2020, it's that we all need to invest a little more in our own happiness. 

    One oft-overlooked aspect of self-care and personal wellbeing is sexual pleasure. Orgasms release feel-good endorphins that improve your mood, allow you to sleep better, and help you relax. Sexual pleasure and climax also significantly reduce stress and aid those struggling with aspects of intimacy — and sex toys of any variety or preference can help.

    With the annual Black Friday sales event upon us, there's no better time to explore the world of sex toys than right now. Whether you're shopping for something to enhance your own self-pleasure, help you last longer in bed, or just want to try something new, there are plenty of toys available fit for just what you seek.

    The best Black Friday and Cyber Monday sex toy deals

    Below, we've rounded up a selection of deals for everything from lube and vibrators to accessories that can help make sex more comfortable, for both men and women. 

    Here are a few of the best sex toy deals being offered for both Black Friday and Cyber Monday

    Satisfyer

    Satisfyer makes rave-review sex toys that go beyond your usual dildo and basic stimulation that are ideal for solo or partner pleasure, and make for fabulous gifts (including in your own stocking). We've included a few of our favorites below, which are anywhere from 25% to 40% off from Black Friday through Cyber Monday.

    Elvie

    Elvie's mission is to leverage new technology to help women get through and better recover from childbirth. The brand is best known for making a silent, wearable breast pump that new moms are obsessed with (currently 15% off), but it helps with everything post-partum, including strengthening your pelvic floor to reclaim your sex-life life post-baby. All deals run through Cyber Monday.

    Dame

    Dame has some of the most well-designed sex toys, largely because it engineers products based on real feedback from real people. Its products range from solo accessories to partner play, but all are made with super soft silicone that feels silky on the skin.

    Starting just after midnight on November 25 and running through the morning of December 1, all of Dame's devices and bundles are 20% off site-wide.

    Zumio

    One glance at Zumio's signature product and you know it does something special. Instead of just vibrating back and forth like the head of most women's toys, Zumio's proprietary SpiroTop rotates in tiny circles and alters its intensity based on how hard you're pressing it to your skin. Its three devices offer a different base level of intensity, but all are waterproof, quiet, and have eight different speed options.

    Zumio's offering 20% off all three toys starting at 2:01 a.m. ET on November 27 and the deals are good through 2:29 a.m. ET on December 1.

    MysteryVibe

    MysteryVibe wants to normalize sexual health and it thinks the best approach is through optimal pleasure. The brand makes carefully engineered toys that can be used for solo play but the brand (and its products) mostly focus on increasing intimacy and connection between partners.

    From November 25 through December 2, you can snag 30% off its vibrators and bundles, and then 20% off the same products through December 22.

    Fun Factory

    The aptly named Fun Factory is focused on fun and healthy sexual exploration. All its products are made in Germany with fair labor practices and a small carbon footprint, so you're able to feel extra good with what you're buying.

    Enjoy 25% off site-wide from November 25 through December 2.

    Cute Little F*ckers

    This queer-friendly sex toy brand creates pleasurable little alien monsters to insert some fun and play into your bedroom. All its toys are well-designed and ridiculously cute — which is ideal if you're looking for a no-pressure way to explore your body.

    For Black Friday, the brand's offering $10 off any single product or $50 off a three-toy bundle from November 26 to November 30.

    Myhixel

    Myhixel's unique system works to help men who want to last longer in bed. The brand has two approaches: One for guys who just need a little help stretching their timelines (Myhixel TR), and another more medically inclined device for men who ejaculate in under three minutes during sex (Myhixel MED).

    Both systems involve the advanced, FDA-approved pleasure device, Myhixel 1, to be used alongside either an exercise program (Play TR) or a cognitive-behavioral therapy app (Play MED).

    Right now, Myhixel's offering 20% off site-wide through the end of November.

    Coconu Lube

    Lube is perhaps the single most important accessory for improving any kind of pleasure, be it partner play or a solo session. Coconu makes wonderful organic lube from all-natural, organic ingredients and offers a buy-one, get-one 50% off sale from November 25 through December 1 (with the code: BLACKFRIDAY).

    Chiavaye

    Chiavaye doesn't bill itself as a lube company but rather a personal moisturizer. That's because its bottles only contain natural oils like coconut, almond, and vitamin E. All of these are highly moisturizing and soothing for your skin, whether you use it on your arms or your most personal of areas. These oils also make personal intimacy more enjoyable with no sticky mess.

    From 12 a.m. to 11:59 p.m. ET on both Black Friday and Cyber Monday, when you buy any one product, you'll get another free. The brand also intends to donate 20% of all sales to The Endo Co., a non-profit focused on endometriosis.

    Elle Paradis

    If you're looking for deals with multiple brands and fun bundles to stretch your horizons without eating your wallet, check out the offerings from Elle Paradis. For Black Friday and Cyber Monday, it has discounts on brands like Satisfyer, Lelo, and Adam & Eve.

    From 7 p.m. ET on Thanksgiving to 8 a.m. ET November 28, you can get up to 70% off by using the code BLACK. Starting at 12 a.m. ET Cyber Monday, use the code CYBER to get 80% off what's left in stock.

    Bellesa Boutique

    This woman-run sex toy company offers classy, well-made toys for her, him, them, and couples of all kinds and all kinks. In addition to its own line of toys, Bellesa Boutique carries desirable brands like Satisfyer and We-Vibe, as well as Calexotics.

    From November 26 to November 29, you can score 20% off everything the site offers using the code BLACKFRIDAY, along with added discounts the more you end up purchasing. For instance, any purchases of $75 or more bump the discount to 25% off while orders of $149 and up get you 30% off.

    How do we select the best Black Friday deals on sex toys and sexual health products?

    • All the toys, accessories, and systems I chose to feature meet Insider Reviews' high standard of coverage, and all selections come from brands I've grown to trust and rely on.
    • Over the past six years as a sexual health writer, I've tested and reviewed countless sex toys and products so I have a well-developed knowledgebase of which products are worth the money.
    • I also took into consideration products that meet a wide range of desires, needs, genders, bodies, and history of using sex toys.

    What are the brands' Black Friday and Cyber Monday schedules?

    The Black Friday and Cyber Monday sales listed here run throughout November and December. Some are limited to Black Friday alone, some to the four-day period that includes Cyber Monday, and some extend into late December. Here's what each brand is doing:

    • Satisfyer: 25-40% off Black Friday through Cyber Monday.
    • Elvie: 15-25% off Black Friday through Cyber Monday.
    • Dame: 20% off site-wide starting just after midnight on Wednesday, 11/25 through the morning early Tuesday, 12/1.
    • Zumio: 20% off site-wide starting at 2:01 a.m. EST 11/27 through 2:29 a.m. EST 12/1.
    • MysteryVibe: 30% off vibrators and bundles now through Dec. 2, then 20% off the same products through Dec 22.
    • Fun Factory: 25% off site-wide from Nov. 25 to Dec. 2.
    • Cute Little F*ckers: $10 off any single item or $50 the three-toy bundle from Nov. 26 to Nov. 30.
    • Myhixel': 20% off site-wide now through Cyber Monday.
    • Coconu Lube: Buy one, get one 50% off, now through December 1.
    • Chiavaye: Buy one, get one free from midnight to 11:59 EST on both Black Friday and Cyber Monday.
    • Elle Paradis: 70% off from 7 p.m. EST on Thanksgiving to 8 a.m. Saturday, then 80% off all of Cyber Monday.
    • Bellesa Boutique: 20% off site-wide from Thursday, Nov. 26 to Sunday, Nov 29. That deal jumps to 25% off orders $75 and up, then 30% off orders $149 and up.

    Join the conversation about this story »

  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 14:57:41 -0500

    meghan markle london

    Summary List Placement

    In a year marked by losses of life, jobs, and what was known as "normalcy," Meghan Markle suffered one painfully familiar to as many as 1 in 4 women: the loss of a pregnancy. 

    In a New York Times essay published Wednesday, the Duchess of Sussex wrote that she experienced a miscarriage in July, sensing right away that sharp pain in her side wasn't right. "I knew, as I clutched my firstborn child, that I was losing my second," she wrote. 

    Markle didn't reveal how far along she was in her pregnancy, or any medical details about experience, but she did describe the emotional pain as "an almost unbearable grief, experienced by many but talked about by few." 

    Few also talk about recovery from a miscarriage, both physical and emotional, perhaps because it's less tangible to onlookers and even loved ones than a broken bone or death in the family. But for many women, healing from the experience is long-lasting.  

    "Just like the loss of a loved one, women often report getting hit by waves of grief and tearfulness for years after the loss," Haley Neidich, a licensed mental health professional who specializes in maternal mental health and has experienced a miscarriage herself, told Insider. "Getting pregnant again and having another baby does not erase the pain." 

    Bleeding and cramping are common after a miscarriage 

    The physical recovery from a miscarriage varies widely, influenced by factors including how far along a woman was in her pregnancy and whether any medical intervention was needed to remove the tissue. 

    Some women pass the pregnancy naturally at home, for example, and some need or opt for medication, which stimulates the tissue to come out and can come with side effects like nausea, diarrhea, or chills.

    Others undergo a procedure, a dilation and curettage, to remove the tissue, which is invasive and, as with passing the pregnancy naturally, comes with a low risk of hemorrhage and infection.

    Still, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' practice guidelines note that serious complications from a miscarriage is are rare.

    Keep an eye on your temperature after a pregnancy loss

    After a loss, Kaiser Permanente recommends getting lots of rest, especially for the first 24 hours, keeping tabs on your temperature, expecting some bleeding and cramping like a period for a few days, and avoiding sex until the bleeding has stopped.

    Call your doctor if you run a temperature over 100° F, bleed more heavily than the heaviest day of a normal period, experience cramping after day three, or any severe pain.

    Many women are physically capable of returning to work the day after even the most invasive management option, though emotionally, they may not want to. 

    Miscarriage can trigger PTSD

    While miscarriage is a common condition medically speaking, and some women move on relatively unfazed or even relieved, for many, the experience can be uniquely isolating and searingly painful. 

    Research has shown that 29% of women who experienced a pregnancy loss, either from a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy, had PTSD symptoms one month after that loss. Additionally, 24% of these women had anxiety, and 11% had moderate to severe depression one month after pregnancy loss.

    Comparatively, 13% of women who had healthy pregnancies reported having moderate to severe anxiety and 2% reported having moderate to severe depression one month after giving birth. 

    The emotional pain can last years or a lifetime

    "As a woman you change from the day you find out you're pregnant until the day you deliver, whether it be pre- or full-term," Zara, a North Carolina woman who experienced a pregnancy loss at age 19 in 2018 and asked to use her first name only to protect her privacy, told Insider. "Nothing in the world can prepare you for the type of emptiness that comes with a pregnancy loss." 

    The drop in hormones can exacerbate the emotional lows, too, as can the medical treatment itself. For Neidich, healing from "a dehumanizing experience with a medical practitioner" she experienced during the procedure took more work in therapy than healing from the loss itself. 

    "This experience of compounding trauma is very common and is rarely talked about," she said, recommending Postpartum Support International (PSI) as a resource. 

    Neidich also advised people around someone who's grieving a pregnancy loss allow them to do so rather than saying things like, "You will get pregnant again!" or, "Everything happens for a reason!" That "makes the grieving person feel more alone and invalidates their emotional experience," she said. 

    Zara said what most helped her move through her grief was talking to another couple who had experienced a miscarriage. She's now pregnant again, but some of the pain, plus anxiety about whether she will lose this pregnancy too, remains. 

    "I am here to say, it gets better," she said. "It might take a month or even a year, but I know that whatever you went through is something that made you 10 times stronger." 

    Join the conversation about this story »

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 14:15:36 -0500

    PLANTBASEDPLAN

    Summary List Placement

    A flexitarian diet is exactly what its name implies — it's a flexible way to kickstart healthy eating and potentially shed some pounds and improve your health in the process. 

    Generally speaking, the purpose of the flexitarian diet is to reduce the amount of animal-based products you consume and replace them with whole, plant-based options.

    For example, replace your barbacoa taco filling with spiced black beans. However, this does not mean replacing your jerky snack with potato chips. 

    To lose weight on a flexitarian diet, you'll need to choose the right foods to support that goal, says registered dietitian-nutritionist Scott Keatley, RD, CDN.

    "Technically, potato chips and table sugar are vegetarian but we know that if our diet includes too much of these types of food we will not lose weight," Keatley says. "However, picking whole-grains, fruits, and vegetables as well as some lean proteins make for a high-fiber … calorie-controlled diet."

    Here's how to try a flexitarian diet with a 7-day meal plan as well as more on the benefits you may reap from following it.

    What to eat and drink on the flexitarian diet

    A flexitarian diet encourages a lot of healthy behaviors, like rarely eating red meat and loading up on lean protein and whole foods. Here's a list of foods that experts recommend eating frequently, in moderation, and rarely while following a flexitarian diet.

    Foods/drinks to have often:

    Foods/drinks to have in moderation:

    • Low-fat cheese 
    • Low-fat yogurt
    • Eggs
    • Poultry
    • Fish
    • Caffeinated beverages

    Foods/drinks to avoid whenever possible (true for all eating plans):

    • Processed meat (bacon, salami, hot dogs, sausage)
    • Refined carbohydrates (bread, pasta, and pastries made with white flour)
    • Processed snacks (candy, chips, cookies)
    • Drinks with added sugar (soda, sweetened juice, energy drinks)

    7-Day flexitarian meal plan

    If you're interested in trying out a flexitarian diet, here's a 7-day sample flexitarian meal plan, according to registered dietician Shena Jaramillo, MS, RD. Adjust serving sizes and calorie proportions to your specific needs. 

    Day 1

    hummus

    Breakfast: Oatmeal (made with dairy-free milk), topped with fruit and walnuts

    Lunch: Mixed green salad with spiced chickpeas, avocado, cherry tomato, cucumber, and balsamic vinaigrette

    Snack: Bell pepper and hummus

    Dinner: Butternut squash and black bean frittata

    Day 2

    chicken stir fry

    Breakfast: Whole-wheat toast with peanut butter, apple slices

    Snack: ¼ cup walnut halves

    Lunch: Whole-wheat pita with mixed greens, bell pepper, and roasted chickpeas

    Snack: Sliced pear

    Dinner: Chicken stir fry with mixed vegetables and nutritional yeast

    Day 3

    avocado toastBreakfast: Whole-wheat toast with avocado, sprouts, and chickpeas

    Snack: Sliced apple with peanut butter

    Lunch: Quinoa and broccoli stir-fry with roasted tofu

    Snack: 1 cup of strawberries

    Dinner: Whole-wheat pita with vegetables, balsamic vinegar, and low-fat cheese 

    Day 4

    celery peanut butter

    Breakfast: Buckwheat cereal with blueberries

    Snack: Carrot sticks with hummus

    Lunch: Strawberry almond kale salad with citrus vinaigrette and grilled chicken breast

    Snack: Celery with peanut butter

    Dinner: Tempeh taco sliders with tomato, cabbage, and vegan sour cream

    Day 5

    black bean burger

    Breakfast: Fruit smoothie

    Snack: Baked kale chips

    Lunch: Black bean veggie burger on a whole-wheat bun

    Snack: Popcorn with nutritional yeast

    Dinner: Veggie pasta salad with lime and balsamic vinegar

    Day 6

    eggs

    Breakfast: Egg scramble with mushrooms, onions, and peppers

    Snack: Fruit smoothie

    Lunch: Avocado "Reuben" sandwich on rye with mustard, sauerkraut, and vegan thousand island dressing

    Snack: Rice cakes with nut butter and pomegranate seeds

    Dinner: Vegetarian chili

    Day 7

    mac and cheese

    Breakfast: Whole-grain bagel with peanut butter and banana

    Snack: Tomato, cucumber, and basil salad with tahini or vinaigrette

    Lunch: Whole-wheat mac and cheese (either with real cheese or vegan cheese made with soaked cashews and nutritional yeast), roasted broccoli

    Snack: Almonds and clementines

    Dinner: Curried coconut quinoa with shrimp and roasted cauliflower

    What the research says about a flexitarian diet

    Research that is specifically on the flexitarian diet is limited since the guidelines aren't as strict as vegetarianism and veganism, which makes flexitarianism more difficult to study

    That said, there's plenty of research indicating the advantages of reducing your consumption of animal products while eating more whole grains, veggies, legumes, and other plant-based foods.

    Better weight management and body composition

    Jaramillo says that since plant-based proteins tend to be high in fiber, they can make you feel full for longer while reducing your overall caloric intake — which can ultimately lead to weight loss. Here's what the research says:

    • A 2011 comparative study showed a connection between the consumption of animal products and body mass index (BMI). The more animal-based foods in subjects' diets, the higher their BMI tended to be. While vegans had the lowest BMI, semi-vegetarians still had a lower BMI than non-vegetarians. 
    • Another 2010 study found a positive association between total meat consumption and weight gain, even after adjusting for caloric intake. This aligns with the findings of a 2015 study, which reports that post-menopausal Korean women who maintained a semi-vegetarian diet over 20 years had a "significantly lower" BMI, as well as body fat percentage, than the non-vegetarians in the study. 
    • Additionally, a 2019 study conducted in Spain found that a "pro-vegetarian" diet — which researchers defined as "preference for plant-derived foods but not exclusion of animal foods" — can help reduce the risk of obesity. 

    Lower blood pressure

    • According to a 2020 review, a plant-based diet has been shown to lower blood pressure — even if small amounts of meat and dairy are still consumed.

    Reduced risk of heart disease and heart failure

    • In 2017, researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine in New York found that people who mostly ate a plant-based diet were 42% less likely to develop heart failure throughout the four-year study, compared to participants who ate fewer plant-based foods. 
    • Similarly, a 2017 overview found evidence that high consumption of plant-based foods is associated with a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Researchers believe this may be because plant-based foods are high in heart-healthy mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 fatty acids, as well as fiber and antioxidants.

    Reduced risk of type 2 diabetes

    • A 2018 study in the Netherlands found that a diet that emphasized plant-based foods was associated with lower insulin resistance, lower risk of pre-diabetes, and lower risk of type 2 diabetes. 

    Reduced risk of cancer

    • A 2015 study of more than 77,000 people found that semi-vegetarians were 8% less likely to get colorectal cancer — the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths — when compared to non-vegetarians.

    Reduced inflammation

    • A 2019 review found that a plant-based diet may help to reduce inflammation, and thus, help to alleviate painful symptoms associated with rheumatoid arthritis. 

    Insider's takeaway

    A flexitarian diet offers an ideal compromise for people who regularly eat meat and want to cut down on meat and dairy products without giving them up entirely.

    Research suggests that people with high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, or heart disease can benefit from the flexitarian diet. 

    Moreover, "anyone can benefit from a flexitarian diet — but those with inflammatory conditions such as arthritis may see the greatest benefit with decreased inflammation," says Jaramillo.

    Related stories about diet and nutrition:

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 13:52:34 -0500

    GettyImages 1162210641

    Summary List Placement

    The difference between soluble and insoluble fiber is often confusing. Although both are important for metabolic health, the main distinction boils down to how well they dissolve in water. But that doesn't mean one is more important than the other. 

    "We need both soluble and insoluble fiber in our diet," according to Anne E. Linge, RDN, CD, CDE, Dietitian from the University of Washington Medical Center Nutrition Clinic. "Most foods supply both."

    Here's what you should know about the differences between soluble and insoluble fiber, their health benefits, and how you can incorporate them into your diet.

    Soluble fiber vs. insoluble fiber

    The difference between soluble and insoluble fiber is how well each dissolves and ferments in the gastrointestinal tract. 

    Dietary fiber, in general, is a type of carbohydrate that the body cannot digest. Once it hits your stomach, it moves through your digestive tract, pulling water into the intestines as it goes. This adds bulk to the stool to help prevent constipation, but it also slows down digestion which can stabilize blood sugar levels after a meal.

    Certain soluble fibers, like psyllium, form a viscous gel as they move through the digestive tract that can also help with diarrhea. Moreover, soluble fiber tends to be more fermentable than insoluble fiber, making it a meal to sustain the healthy bacteria that colonize your intestine and provide nourishment for your colon.

    Both types of fiber are equally essential and are of nutritional importance, providing significant benefits to your digestive health.

    Health benefits of dietary fiber

    Be wary of claims that dietary fiber alone can cure gastrointestinal conditions like ulcerative colitis or directly cause weight loss, says_Elisabetta Politi, MPH, RD, LDN, CDCES, Dietitian Clinician at the Duke Diet & Fitness Center.

    Here are scientifically-proven health benefits of getting enough dietary fiber in your diet:

    • Possibly reduces the risk of colorectal cancers: Insoluble fiber balances intestinal pH and reduced the time it takes food to move through your gut, which may reduce the risk of carcinogen formation in the gut wall, though more research is needed. 
    • Controls blood sugar levels: Soluble fiber can slow the absorption of glucose and insoluble fiber may reduce the risk of type two diabetes.
    • Improves bowel movements: Insoluble fiber acts like a sponge by pulling water into the stool, effectively making it easier to pass.
    • Lowers cholesterol levels: Soluble fiber helps lower the total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, which may reduce the risk of heart disease.
    • Helps manage weight: Insoluble fiber supplementation is associated with significant weight loss, but only when it is combined with calorie reduction and increased physical activity.

    To reap the many benefits that dietary fiber has to offer, it is best to eat a variety of foods that are rich in both soluble and insoluble fiber.

    Good sources of soluble and insoluble fiber

    The Westernized diet, one that is low in fiber and high in sucrose and saturated fats, is currently a growing health risk that is strongly associated with the increase in the prevalence of metabolic diseases. Most people often consume only half of the recommended daily fiber intake, so it is crucial to be aware of the amount that you need per day.

    Here is the current daily recommended amount for dietary fiber:

    Age/GenderRecommended daily fiber 
    Children 1-3 years old19 grams
    Children 4-8 years old25 grams
    Girls 9-18 years old26 grams
    Boys 9-13 years old31 grams
    Boys 14-18 years old38 grams
    Women 19-50 years old25 grams
    Men 19-50 years old38 grams
    Women 51+ years old21 grams
    Men 51+ years old31 grams

    Politi recommends reading the nutrition facts label at the grocery store to check and compare the amount of dietary fiber in various products. Here are ten foods rich in soluble and insoluble fiber:

    Sources of soluble fiberSources of insoluble fiber
    PrunesAlmonds
    AvocadoRaw coconuts
    BroccoliDry roasted peanuts
    Rye breadSesame seeds
    Green beansBitter gourd
    CarrotsRaw white beans
    GuavaRaw lentils
    All-purpose bleached flourOats
    Wheat breadWhole grain wheat
    Red kidney beansBeetroot

    Politi prefers getting fiber from whole foods first, but a fiber supplement may also help in reaching the required daily intake.

    Keep in mind that some supplements aren't suitable for people with certain allergies or medical conditions. People with diabetes should opt for flavorless and sugar-free supplements, while people with celiac disease must choose gluten-free fiber like psyllium. Here are some common brands of fiber supplements:

    • Metamucil is made from psyllium, which contains 70% soluble fiber and 30% insoluble fiber.
    • Benefiber contains wheat dextrin, a great source of soluble fiber.
    • Citrucel's active ingredient is methylcellulose, which is mainly insoluble fiber.
    • Konsyl is also made from psyllium and contains both soluble and insoluble fiber.

    "Increasing your fiber intake too quickly can lead to gas and bloating," says Linge. Add fiber to your diet gradually over several weeks so the digestive system can adjust better.

    Insider's takeaway

    Dietary fiber, both soluble and insoluble, is essential to a healthy diet and can provide plenty of health benefits including a reduced risk of colorectal cancers, blood sugar control, and improved bowel movements. 

    There are numerous fiber-rich foods, but if you aren't meeting the daily recommended fiber intake, you can consider taking fiber supplements. "Remember also to drink enough water as you increase your fiber intake," says Linge.

    Related stories about diet and nutrition:

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 13:32:00 -0500

    ice pack

    Summary List Placement

    Fever, also called pyrexia, is technically defined as a body temperature of 100.4 °F or higher. That's roughly two degrees above normal body temperature, 98.6 °F. 

     

    A viral or bacterial infection is one of the most common causes of fever. A few other causes include immunizations, medicines, and heat illnesses among many.

    The best way to tell if you have a fever is to take your temperature with a thermometer. However, if you don't have a thermometer, a fever usually comes with other symptoms that may indicate your temp is running high:

    "Fever can generally be relieved at home," says Deepti Mundkur, MD, a primary care physician. If it's a mild viral fever, it will usually resolve on its own in a couple of days. 

    There are medications you can take for fever but if you'd prefer to avoid meds, here are some natural remedies you can try to help relieve some symptoms and reduce the risk of further complications.

    Drink water

    When you have a fever, your body will try to cool itself by sweating. This may help reduce your temperature, but it also can dehydrate you. So it is important to drink plenty of fluids while you're fighting a fever.

    Adequate fluid intake is about 15.5 cups a day for men and 11.5 cups for women. But when you're running a fever, the recommendations increase.

    "Water requirements increase by 100-150 mL/day [0.4-0.6 cups/day] for each degree of body temperature elevation over 100.4 ºF," says Mundkur. So, for example, a man who is running a fever of 101.4 ºF should consume 16 cups of fluids/day and a woman should be getting 12 cups/day. 

    However, "if you have been advised to limit your water intake due to liver, kidney, or heart failure, consult your doctor about increasing your fluid intake," Mundkur says.

    Other ways to get enough fluids

    Some fluids, other than water, that might help are:

    • A standard, commercially available Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) salts like Trioral. Stick with store-bought ORS and don't try to make it at home as major errors can occur when wrong proportions of sodium and sugar are administered.
    • Broth-based soups might help with replacing any fluids or sodium that may have been lost.
    • Juice is another option that can come fortified with vitamins and minerals. However, juice can be high in sugar, and therefore should be watered down or avoided if you have diabetes

    You can also stay hydrated by eating water-rich fruits like watermelon.

    Get plenty of rest

    A fever is often uncomfortable, making it difficult to fall asleep. But it's very important that you get enough rest since your body is already fighting an infection. Any activity, or exercise, will not only cause unnecessary strain, but it can also increase your body temperature, which is the opposite of what you want. 

    Also, if it's the summertime you should try to stay indoors, away from sunlight. You're already dehydrated from being sick and that, when combined with high temperatures outdoors, can increase the risk of heat stroke.

    You should already be cutting out any caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco, but if you're not Mundkur says, "avoiding caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, and keeping your bedroom dark and cool might help to sleep better."

    Read more tips on how to sleep better.

    Cool yourself down

    Fever occurs when the core body temperature rises so it is important to stay cool even if you feel chills. Mundkur says that drinking plenty of water helps the body regulate temperature more effectively.

    Other ways to keep your body cool are:

    • Cool packs: Placing a damp washcloth over the forehead and wrists will help cool down the body. You don't have to use ice, a cool washcloth will be sufficient.
    • Light clothing: Wearing breathable, light clothing will help your skin breathe and let air in to make you cooler.
    • Bath: Taking a bath, in normal or lukewarm water, might help. Avoid cold water as this can increase shivering, which in turn will raise your body temperature.

    Use common medication if you have it

    Although medication isn't always necessary, it might help break the fever sooner.

    Acetaminophen aka paracetamol (Tylenol), which typically takes less than an hour to reduce fever, is generally the preferred medication, says Mundkur. 

    "The recommended dosage for treatment of fever with paracetamol [aka acetominophen] is 325 to 650 mg every 4 to 6 hours as needed. Maximum dose is 3 g/day for a healthy person since it can cause liver toxicity at higher doses," says Mundkur. Other experts recommend a maximum of 4g/day, but Mundkur says to consult with a doctor before taking this amount.

    If you live with any of the following conditions, there might be an increased risk of liver toxicity when you take acetaminophen: 

    • Heavy alcohol use
    • Malnutrition 
    • Low body weight
    • Any liver disease

    When to see a doctor

    "If the fever lasts for more than two days or if you have any other symptoms along with the fever that are not explained by common cold or flu symptoms, it is important to call your doctor," says Mundkur.

    Moreover, if a prolonged fever is accompanied by a rash, breathing trouble, seizures, severe pain or swelling anywhere in the body, it is important to see a doctor.

    A fever above 103 °F that doesn't reduce in more than two hours also requires medical attention. 

    Insider's takeaway

    It's important to stay hydrated, rest well, and keep your body cool to break a fever. 

    If you only have slightly increased temperature of 100.4°F from the average 98.4°F, without any other symptoms, there is usually no cause to worry. A mild fever will generally go away on its own in a couple of days.

    And just remember that a fever is your body's defense mechanism for fighting infection, so it's generally a good sign that your immune system is kicking in to help you feel better soon.

    Related articles from Health Reference:

    Join the conversation about this story »

  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 13:16:55 -0500

    Transgender flag

    Summary List Placement

    Transgender terminology is constantly evolving and expanding, which is why it's important to stay on top of it to avoid saying something that is incorrect or hurtful to a trans person. 

    Insider compiled a list of nine phrases that you should never say to a trans person that you may not have realized are transphobic. 

    "Biologically female" or "biologically male"

    Referring to someone as "biologically" female or male can be invalidating to a trans person's gender because it implies they are not, in fact, the gender they identify as.

    Instead, saying someone was "assigned male at birth" or "assigned female at birth" is better. It acknowledges that, at birth, we are assigned genders decided by our genitalia, rather than our actual gender identity.  



    "Sex change operation"

    Asking a trans person if they have had "a sex change operation" is not the right terminology. 

    There are a variety of gender-affirming surgeries a trans person may choose to have in their lifetime.

    These include top surgery and bottom surgery. Top surgery refers to changing the chest to augment breasts or remove them. 

    Bottom surgery is a colloquial phrase that came mean a number of different procedures, including phalloplasty or metoidioplasty, which both create a penis for people with vaginas, or a vaginoplasty, which creates a vagina for a person with a penis. 

    While people typically mean bottom surgery when they ask if someone has had "the" surgery, many trans people do not get bottom surgery or any kind of gender-affirming procedure. 

    A transgender person's medical history says nothing about their transness, so it's best to not ask unless a person offers that kind of information. 



    "Are you fully transitioned?"

    Similarly, asking if someone is "fully transitioned" or planning on "transitioning" implies a trans person isn't valid unless they have gender-affirming procedures. 

    Many trans people will start hormone replacement therapy (HRT), but don't feel the need to have any surgery. Others may want gender-affirming surgeries, but may not opt for HRT

    Every trans person's journey with their gender is different.



    "Are you pre-op or post-op?"

    Pressing a transgender person for whether or not they've undergone gender-affirming surgeries by asking if they are "pre-op" or "post-op" is also offensive. 

    Asking about someone's medical history will not tell you "how transgender" a person is. 

    Many transgender people do not have gender-affirming procedures in their lifetime, sometimes out of lack of access to care and other times because they do not feel a need to. 



    "You need dysphoria to be transgender"

    Gender dysphoria is the feeling that your body does not fit your gender identity.

    Telling a trans person that they don't appear to have outward gender dysphoria is presumptuous. It also implies that trans people need to feel a certain way about their body to be trans. 

    Just because someone doesn't openly discuss their gender dysphoria or aren't on HRT, doesn't mean they aren't experiencing dysphoria internally. Additionally, not all trans people experience gender dysphoria. Their experience is equally valid. 

    Like any other mental health issue, dysphoria is a private matter. 



    "You don't look transgender"

    Telling a trans person they don't "look trans" isn't a compliment.  You cannot assume someone's gender identity based on how they look. 

    Just because a person is wearing makeup or dressing in a manner you view as feminine doesn't mean they aren't a transman, and just because a transwoman is dressing masculinity doesn't make her a man. 

    Gender presentation and gender identity are two separate concepts. The first refers to how a person dresses and expresses their outside appearance and the second refers to a person's gender.  



    "She-male," "he/she," or "it"

    "She/he," "she-male," and "it" are all derogatory phrases that can be extremely hurtful to transgender people. 

    These phrases can be alienating and hurtful, making a person feel invalid and dysphoric.

    Transgender people, and transwomen and femmes of color in particular, face disproportionate rates of violence in the US. Saying any of these phrases plays off the same sentiments used in these attacks. 



    "Transsexual" or "transvestite"

    Transexual and transvestite are both outdated terms to refer to transgender people that have fallen out of favor among trans people. 

    Both are frowned upon now because they were used to pathologize trans being and refer to being trans as a mental illness.

    In Planned Parenthood's handy guide on identity terms and labels, experts say: "Some people find these terms offensive, others do not. Only refer to someone as transsexual if they tell you that's how they identify." That applies for the term "transvestite" too.



    "What's your real name?"

    Asking for a person's "real name" or the name they were given at birth is deeply personal to a trans person.

    Many trans people refer to the name they were assigned at birth as their "deadname" because they do not share it and never use it. 

    Using a trans person's deadname can be hurtful and triggering for someone, so it's best to not ask. If a trans person does share their deadname, it's important to not call them that. 

    Read More:

    Explained: The difference between gender, gender expression, and sexuality

    What you should know about gender pronouns, how to use them, and why they're important

    The earlier trans youth get care, the less likely they are to suffer depression and suicidal thoughts

     



  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 13:10:57 -0500

    walking wheelchair

    Summary List Placement
    • Standing wheelchairs offer health benefits and social inclusion for those with limited mobility, but they can be quite pricey.
    • Suzanne Brewer, an architect living in the UK, designed a cost-effective standing wheelchair made of parts ordered online.
    • The Walking Wheelchair has a Segway base and a saddle seat.
    • The prototype is patent protected, and Brewer hopes to bring the device to market soon with some help.
    • Visit Insider's homepage for more stories.

    When British architect Suzanne Brewer saw a man in a wheelchair get lost in the Christmas crowd at her local rugby club, she wondered why there wasn't some sort of assisted mobility device that could raise him up to eye level.

    The experience stuck with her, and after seeing an advertisement for a Sky News children's enterprise competition in 2018, she encouraged her now 13-year-old son Jarvis to enter with the idea. His collaged design of a "Walking Wheelchair" with a Segway base has since gone through two prototype phases and has a patent pending.

    Other standing wheelchairs do exist, but they are "enormously expensive," said John McFarlane, a polio survivor who is paralyzed from the chest down. He uses a wheelchair that costs nearly $30,000 (£25,000) and can raise him to a standing position. In comparison, the average motorized wheelchair costs between $2,000 and $3,000.

    Sitting in a wheelchair makes it difficult to order a drink at a bar or even keep up with a conversation that's going on over your head, McFarlane told Insider. Not only does a standing mobility device promote social inclusion, but spending time in an upright position also has benefits for bone density, blood flow, and ease of digestion, he said. However, the price tag on standing wheelchairs is a barrier for most people.

    The Brewers hope to keep the cost of their "Walking Wheelchair" down to less than half of the price of existing standing wheelchairs by building it out of parts ordered online, including a seat inspired by Jarvis' bicycle and a Segway base.

    The Walking Wheelchair is made of a saddle seat and a hand-operated Segway

    For the Sky News competition, Jarvis collaged together a rough design in which a joystick-controlled mechanism lifts a saddle seat upwards, bringing the user to a standing position. The base of the contraption would be a Segway, also controlled via joystick, which would allow a tighter turn radius than a conventional wheelchair.

    After receiving encouraging feedback in the competition, the Brewers decided to take the design a step further with a prototype made of parts from a secondhand wheelchair, a kid's Segway, and some other "bits and bobs" ordered on the Internet. Although it looked "quite crude," Brewer said it proved the concept was feasible.

    They enlisted the help of David Aviram, a structural engineer, to build a more sophisticated second prototype out of similar parts. They also ran the design by McFarlane and occupational therapists at Stoke Mandeville Hospital, which is home to a world-renowned spinal injuries center.

    The Segway base allows for a tight turn radius, but the trade-off is balance

    Compared to existing standing and seated wheelchairs, the Walking Wheelchair offers a tighter turn radius thanks to its two-wheel Segway base. 

    "The good thing about not knowing that any standing wheelchairs existed was that we were starting from scratch in our minds really, so we didn't have any preconceptions," Brewer said.

    Most standing wheelchairs lift the user to an upright position with a tilting motion, requiring a heavy base to balance out their weight. The Walking Wheelchair's Segway base, on the other hand, contains gyroscopic sensors for self-balancing. 

    However, occupational therapist Scott Trudeau told Insider he worries the two-wheeled base may come with an increased risk of falls.

    "What you end up gaining in terms of flexibility, you lose in terms of stability," Trudeau said.

    Trudeau said he would need to see data from safety testing to evaluate the stability of the Walking Wheelchair, but based on a first look, he thinks the device may be better suited for children, who have a lower center of gravity and the fallback of parental support and supervision.

    Brewer hopes to bring the Walking Wheelchair to market soon

    Brewer has applied for a patent for the second prototype and it's currently on its way to being finalized. But in order to put the Walking Wheelchair through safety testing, she needs to find a partner to help license and manufacture the device.

    Although she knows the road ahead will be long and expensive, Brewer feels confident that her team will be able to push forward as they have at past obstacles.

    "If you've done something before and you know it's an uphill battle, then you can be a bit jaded by that," Brewer said. "But because we've never done anything like this before and we were all full of enthusiasm, as we got to each hurdle, we just asked for advice and kind of dealt with it."

    Read more:

    What it's like to date when you use a wheelchair

    This wheelchair user with cerebral palsy just qualified as a gym instructor and says there are no barriers to fitness

    14 world-changing innovations by women that were originally credited to men

    Join the conversation about this story »

    NOW WATCH: 11 places to go only if you aren't afraid of heights

  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 13:09:31 -0500

    vaccines

    Summary List Placement

    Vaccines are the most effective way to prevent the spread of disease. Because of these immunizations, life-threatening diseases like smallpox have been eradicated worldwide

    "We have so many vaccines that are effective, that we are not seeing vaccine-preventable illnesses like we were in the past," says Joseph Comber, PhD, a biology professor at Villanova University.

    For reference, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that vaccines stop 2 to 3 million deaths annually. And that's only possible due to the large number of immunizations being administered. 

    Here's what you need to know about why vaccines are important, including five of the most significant ones ever developed. 

    Vaccine basics 

    A vaccine is a part of a virus or bacteria that is exposed to your body in a safe and effective way. It is often a weakened or dead part of the germ. Then, if you encounter those germs in your day-to-day, the immune system will know precisely how to fight them off.  

     

    When a germ or pathogen does enter your body, your immune system quickly recognizes there's an intruder and works to prevent it from spreading. As the immune system embarks on this effort, it makes specialized memory cells that can recall a pathogen or germ. 

    "The next time that same pathogen or germ gets into our bodies, the memory cells can respond much more quickly," explains Comber. There's also the benefit of large-scale immunization.

    Immunizing the public with vaccines ensures that contagious diseases do not spread, and if they do, that the mortality rate and number of people affected are as minimal as possible. 

    Vaccines also ensure that high-risk populations — like people with autoimmune disorders, infants, and older people — are shielded from these diseases. This process of protecting those more at risk is called herd immunity. Herd immunity means that most if not all people become immunized in order to protect these more vulnerable populations.  

    Are vaccines safe?

    In order for vaccines to be released for patient use, they undergo years of development, testing, and vetting to ensure their safety and to avoid any major, long-term complications. This means: yes, they are safe in the wide majority of cases. 

    Individual vaccines come with their own indicated risks which you can research on the CDC's website under "Vaccine Information Statements." 

    Moreover, once a vaccine is approved by the FDA and distributed for public use, the CDC along with the FDA and other regulatory agencies monitor them to ensure they don't have significant adverse effects

    However, vaccines do come with side effects that vary depending on the vaccine. Generally, these side effects are very mild and rarely result in serious complications. Some side effects include:

    Vaccine side effects are only serious in rare cases, but certain vaccines may not be right for people with allergies, people who are pregnant, suffer from neurological disorders, or people with a compromised immune system. These are just some of the demographics who may not be able to receive certain vaccines. For a full list, check out the CDC's list of vaccines that may have adverse effects for certain people. 

    It's always best practice to check with your doctor before you get vaccinated to make sure it's safe for you. 

    What are the 4 types of vaccines?

    Vaccines are generally made by injecting patients with a mild form of the disease or isolating parts of the disease-causing microbe to familiarize the immune system with how the disease works so it can fight it. 

    Think of it like getting top secret intel on an enemy before they attack. There are four kinds of vaccines, each protect against certain diseases, but approach preventing infection in different ways. 

     

    Why don't vaccines make me sick?

    Vaccines introduce a pathogen to your immune system in a form that can't cause sickness. "Without ever being sick, we're educating our immune system on how to remember a germ," Comber says. 

    Yes, vaccines do come with side effects. However, these side effects never mirror the symptoms of the disease the vaccine is targeting. Rather, they inject your body with antigens that help your immune system create antibodies that fight off disease. 

    A common misnomer is that getting a vaccine infects you with a virus or germ. But this isn't true and any side effects resulting from a vaccine (like redness, achiness, or fever) are not because you're infected with the disease. 

    Insider's takeaway

    Vaccines are the first and best way to prevent disease in the population at large. Vaccines distributed to the public help protect against preventable and dangerous diseases. 

    Most vaccines have very mild side effects and only have serious adverse effects in rare cases. 

    Speak to your doctor before getting a vaccine if you have a compromised immune system, are pregnant, or anticipate that a medication or your medical past could interact negatively with a vaccine.

    Related articles from Health Reference:

     

    Join the conversation about this story »

  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 12:57:10 -0500

    Tampons

    Summary List Placement

    Scotland will make tampons and menstrual pads available for free at all public buildings, including schools and universities.

    The Scottish Parliament voted unanimously in favor of a Period Products bill on Tuesday, becoming the first to pass a law aimed at tackling period poverty, CNN and other outlets reported. 

    Women tend to be among the most vulnerable groups of those living in poverty and living without access to menstrual supplies can be humiliating and debilitating. It can prevent some young women from attending school or work while they're bleeding. 

    In recent years non-profit groups, including Freedom4Girls, have been working to make these products more accessible. 

    "The campaign has been backed by a wide coalition, including trades unions, women's organisations and charities," Monica Lennon, the lawmaker who introduced the bill last year, said, according to CNN. 

     

    The law is likely to cost around $10.4 million — or  £8.7 million — a year by 2022, depending on how many women use the products, according to CNN.

    The passing of the bill follows an early effort in Scotland that made sanitary products available in schools, but this expands it to other public buildings as well. 

    It also requires that a reasonable variation of products be available.

    There are a variety of factors that limit access to sanitation products, including living in an abusive household, stigma and other issues. 

    The COVID-19 pandemic has made the problems even worse. 

    In the UK, three in 10 girls between ages 14 and 21 had difficulties trying to obtain the products during the first lockdown, according to the non-profit Plan International UK.

    While many teens have been able to get pads and tampons in school, since they were made available there last year, they had nowhere to turn when they were learning virtually, the organization said. 

    "It matters now more than ever, because periods don't stop in a pandemic," Lennon said in Parliament about access to the products, according to The New York Times.

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 12:25:07 -0500

    hangover

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    Waking up to pounding headache, dizziness, and full-body nausea after a night of drinking is a special kind of torment if you've got a gym session scheduled.

    Sometimes it's better to just sleep it off — working out hungover can make you more prone to injury, and potentially worsen the dehydration caused by alcohol.

    But being hungover doesn't strictly rule out exercise plans, according to Ben Carpenter, a personal trainer in the UK. A lot depends on your personal tolerance for alcohol and exercise, and the state you find yourself in. 

    If you do indulge, and plan to hit the gym the next day, Carpenter has some helpful tips, include scaling back the intensity and stopping if you feel sick. 

    'Too much' varies from person to person

    There's not an exact science to how much alcohol you can drink before you'll feel it in the gym the next day, Carpenter said.

    Some people may be able to down multiple drinks and work out the next morning with no problems, while others might find their gym session suffers after two or three. 

    "Alcohol the night before can hinder your training, but it happens on a dose-response curve," Carpenter told Insider. "It depends on the person and how much they drink. So it is possible that a person could train after drinking the night before and not experience any ill effects."

    There are a lot of factors involved, including body weight, muscle mass, gender, and how frequently you typically drink. 

    But drinking so much that you feel ill the next day is a sign that it might have serious consequences for your workout. These including making it hard for you to absorb protein to repair muscle and build it back stronger, as well as sidelining your metabolism and slowing your ability to burn fat. 

    Gentle exercise during a hangover is OK, particularly if it helps you feel better

    There's no research that shows any benefits to working out with a hangover, despite the myth that you can somehow sweat off the effects of alcohol. 

    But if you feel up to it, there's no particular reason why you can't do some exercise after a night of drinking. You may even experience some psychological benefits, if only because it provides temporary distraction from lying in bed. 

    "For me, personally, doing something in the morning feels good because it interrupts the feeling of lying at home all day," Carpenter said. "It makes me feel a little bit better."

    Just be sure to drink plenty of water before and after, since sweating can contribute to the dehydration you might already be feeling. 

    Avoid pushing yourself too hard

    The caveat, though, is that you're highly unlikely to be at your personal best after a night of heavy drinking. 

    "If someone goes to the gym and they're not feeling their best when they walk in, it's not going to go well if they push themselves," Carpenter said. 

    You don't need to avoid any particular style of exercise, but keep in mind that you're likely to become exhausted at a much lower intensity than you're used to, he added. 

    As a result, trying to break your personal bench press record or marathon time is likely to be unpleasant at best, and downright dangerous at worst. 

    It's best to stick to milder exercises, such as lighter weights or more moderate pacing, both to avoid injury and to prevent yourself from feeling worse than when you started. 

    It's OK to take the day off

    If you're really feeling ill after drinking, it's sometimes better to just wait until you feel better to hit the gym. 

    Many people who exercise do so to improve in some way — whether that's lifting more, running faster, or keeping up with intense combinations of movement. 

    That requires progressive overload, to gradually increase the stress that your body can handle during exercise. 

    If that's your goal, a hangover workout probably isn't going to be a game changer, and you may as well rest up and try again later. 

    "If someone is nauseous, they're likely to feel weak and chances are, they're not going to surpass their performance from yesterday," Carpenter said. "If someone isn't improving, having the day off is better than trying to do something."

    Don't worry too much — a few drinks won't destroy your gains

    Finally, it's helpful to know that alcohol doesn't necessarily have to derail your fitness goals entirely. Too much, too often can certainly hurt your performance in the gym, slow your progress, and inhibit your ability to recover after a workout. 

    But Carpenter said one of the biggest misconceptions about alcohol and fitness is that drinking is strictly taboo for weight loss or muscle gain. 

    In fact, research suggests moderate drinking won't significant interfere with your gym goals. One recent study found no difference in strength and fitness between participants who regularly had small amounts of alcohol (around a drink per day for women and two a day for men) and those who didn't. 

    "When people are having a low dose of alcohol, even over a longer period of time, if it does make a difference, it's so small people don't notice it," Carpenter said. 

    As a result, it's possible to enjoy alcohol without sacrificing your fitness, particularly if it's small amounts (even more frequently) rather than occasional ragers. 

    "I'm not saying alcohol is the best for you, but based on research we have, it seems like people can consume it without it disrupting their progress," Carpenter said. "You shouldn't feel guilty if you have a couple of glasses of wine on a Friday night or at Christmas." 

    Read more:

    People who don't regularly exercise have higher risks of depression and anxiety, study finds

    HIIT workouts are linked to better mental health and longer, healthier lives, according to a new study

    A gym trainer exposed 50 athletes to COVID-19, but no one got sick — because one member is a ventilation expert who redesigned the room's layout

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 12:17:36 -0500
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    This post was created by Insider Studios with Lincoln.

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 11:15:24 -0500

    jake paul arizona

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    Jake Paul, the controversial YouTuber-turned-boxer who told Insider he wouldn't stop partying during the pandemic, said that he believes COVID-19 is a "hoax" in an interview with The Daily Beast

    "There are people losing jobs, there are small businesses who are going bankrupt, there are millions of people who are unemployed right now, people are turning to alcohol and drugs to cope with everything that's going on. This is the most detrimental thing to our society," Paul, 23, said. "COVID cases are at less than 1 percent, and I think the disease is a hoax."

    In Los Angeles County, where Paul resides, the daily testing positivity rate was 7.3% as of November 20, a huge increase from the 3.9% rate reported on November 1. 

    Paul falsely claimed that the disease caused by the novel coronavirus has killed the same amount of people in the US this year as the flu has, which is a popular talking point used among the far-right to justify re-opening businesses nationwide. President Donald Trump also falsely said in October, after contracting the virus himself, that COVID-19 was "far less lethal" than the flu. 

    COVID-19 has killed more than 250,000 Americans so far this year. The flu killed an estimated 34,000 in the US during the 2018-2019 flu season.

    Paul has more than 20 million subscribers on YouTube, where his fan base skews young. 

    In a July interview with Insider, after Calabasas Mayor Alicia Weintraub condemned Paul for throwing large parties at his Calabasas home during the pandemic, the YouTuber said he wouldn't change his lifestyle, despite the disease's growing death count. 

    "I don't know what to think of it, to be honest. I don't think anyone really does," Paul told Insider of COVID-19. "No one has answers, our leadership is failing us, and everyone kind of just doesn't know what to do. But I personally am not the type of person who's gonna sit around and not live my life." 

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  • Wed, 25 Nov 2020 11:10:45 -0500

    chia seed pudding

    Summary List Placement

    Chia seeds are small, edible seeds of the Salvia hispanica plant native to central and southern Mexico. They are gray with black and white spots and measure about two millimeters in diameter. However, even though they're small, chia seeds are packed with nutrients and offer several health benefits. 

    Here are six health benefits of chia seeds and how to incorporate them into your diet. 

    1. Chia seeds are high in fiber 

     

    A serving size of chia seeds  —  one ounce or two tablespoons — contains about 11 grams of fiber. That's almost half of the recommended daily amount for women (25 grams) and about a third for men (38 grams), says Amanda Miller, a registered dietitian from Chicago who specializes in weight loss and medical nutrition therapy. 

    Fiber is an essential part of a healthy diet. Consuming foods high in fiber can:

    A 2009 review found high intakes of dietary fiber significantly lowers one's risk of developing a stroke, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. It also found that increasing intake of fiber improves insulin sensitivity in both non-diabetic and diabetic individuals. The review concluded children and adults should consume 14 grams of fiber for every 1000 calories.

    2. Chia seeds have plant-based protein

    Two tablespoons of chia seeds also contain about four grams of protein. Chia seeds are a complete source of protein, meaning they contain all nine amino acids, which the body is unable to produce on its own. 

    Most complete sources of protein are animal products like eggs, fish, beef, and dairy. Plant-based sources of protein — like nuts, beans, and whole grains — contain some but not all of the essential amino acids. This makes chia seeds a good plant-based protein option for vegetarians and vegans, Miller says.

    Amino acids in protein are the building blocks for organs, skin, and muscles. Consuming adequate amounts of protein is essential for cell growth and repair, says Karen Kjaerulff, a registered dietitian and nutrition consultant based in Delray Beach, Florida. 

    3. Chia seeds are high in omega-3 fatty acids

     

    Chia seeds are a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, Miller says. 

    Consuming a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. Omega-3 fatty acids from chia seeds, in particular, have been found to lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, the "bad" kind of cholesterol that can increase your risk of heart disease. 

    Among plant-based sources of omega-3 fatty acids, chia seeds contain the highest concentration

    Kjaerulff says chia seeds should be part of a well-balanced diet with other sources of omega-3s like:

    4. Chia seeds may reduce inflammation

    Omega-3 fatty acids, like those found in chia seeds, also prevent inflammation in the body during times of disease, stress, and illness, Miller says. Caffeic acid, an antioxidant found in chia seeds, has also been shown to fight inflammation in the body. 

    "Inflammation is the body's natural and helpful way to deal with harmful foreign substances in the body or an injury," Miller says. "But when inflammation persists, that's when it's cause for concern."

    Chronic inflammation may increase a person's likelihood of developing diseases like arthritis, diabetes, and heart disease. But a 2018 review found omega-3 supplementation may reduce symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis — a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the joints. 

    5. Chia seeds have antioxidant properties 

    Chia seeds contain several different types of antioxidants, including: 

    • Caffeic acid
    • Chlorogenic acid
    • Myricetin
    • Quercetin
    • Kaempferol
     

    Antioxidants help fight against the production of "free radicals" in the body, which damage cell molecules. 

    "Free radicals are constantly being formed in our bodies and a certain amount are necessary for our health, for example, they help fight infections," Kjaerulff says. "When free radicals outnumber antioxidants, oxidative stress occurs which can damage your DNA and lead to cell death and has been linked to diseases such as cancer as well as aging."

    6. Chia seeds may improve bone health 

    Chia seeds contain high amounts of calcium — 18% of the recommended daily intake per serving — and can improve bone health. 

    Research on how chia seeds could improve bone health in humans is still emerging, but a 2018 study in rats found that chia seeds improved bone mineral density. The researchers examined 20 rats divided into two groups. One group received a diet containing 10% chia seeds and the other did not. After 13 months, the bone mineral content of the chia-fed rats was significantly higher than the control group. 

    How to incorporate chia seeds into your diet 

    Chia seeds are usually sold in bulk bags and can be found at many local grocery stores, health food stores, or online. They can be eaten either whole or ground, Kjaerulff says. 

    Chia seeds are very versatile and you can incorporate them into your diet in many ways, like: 

    • Adding them to smoothies, yogurt, or oatmeal
    • Making a chia and seed crust to go on top of meat or fish
    • Grinding chia seeds into a fine powder and using it to thicken sauces or gravies
    • Making a chia seed pudding by combining 2.5 tablespoons of chia seeds with a half cup of milk. Let the mixture sit for five minutes, stir, and then put in the refrigerator for 20 minutes or longer.

    Insider's takeaway

    Chia seeds offer many health benefits and contain fiber, protein, and omega-3 fatty acids. Research shows that eating a diet rich in nutrients like these can reduce inflammation and improve heart health. To achieve these health benefits, add chia seeds to yogurt and smoothies or make a chia seed pudding with milk and fruit. 

    Related articles from Health Reference:

    Join the conversation about this story »

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